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???? 10-09-2010, 07:44 PM   #1
Banned
 
????? ???????: Jan 2010
??????: ??? Egypt
?????????: 4,086
???? ????? ???????: 0
?????? is on a distinguished road
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???? ???? ???????? ???????? ?????? ??? ???????? ????????? ?????? ????? ?? ????????? ????????? ?????? ??? ???? ??? ??? ?????? ?????? ?? ???? ???? ???? ?? ??? ?????? ?? ??????? ???????? ??????? ??????? ?? ???????? ????? ????? ?? ??? ???? ???? ??????? :

1. ??? ????? Subjective methods

??? ??? ????? ??? ??????? ????? sensory ???????? ???????? ???????? ??????? ?????? ( ???? ?? ???? ??? ??? ).

??????? ????? ????? ???? ?? ?? ??????? ???????? ???? ???? ?????? ??? ???? ????? ?? ????? ?????? ???? ?????? ????????? ????? , ???? ?? ??????? ??? ????? ??? ????? ??????? . ???? ?????? ?? ???? ??????? ??? ???? ????? ??? ???? ?????? ?????? ?? ????? ????? ???? ???? ?????? ?????????? ????????? .





2. ??? ??? ????? : Objective methods

???? ????? ??? ??????? ???????? ?? ???? ?????? ???? ???? ???? ?????? ?? ???????? ?? ????????????? . ???????? ??????? ????? ?? ??? ??? ?????????? ???? ????? :
??? ???? ?????? ?????? ??????? ?? ?????? .
?????? ???????? .
??? ????? ?????? ???? .
???? ??? ????? ???? ?????? ????? ??????? ?????? ?? ???????


???? ( ???? ) ???? ?????? ???????? :


??? kramer 1966 ?????? ?????? ?????? ??? ???? ???? ?????? :


1. ?????? ?????? : attributesQuantitative

??? ?????? ???? ???? ??? ?????? ??? ???? ?????? ???? ???? ?? ???? ????? ?? ?????? ??????? . ??? ???? ???? ???? ???? ???? ??? ?? ?? ?????? ????????? ??? ?????? ????? ??????? ?????? ?? ??????? ??? ?????? ??? ??????? ??????? ??????? ???? ????? ??? ?????? ??? ??? ??????? ?? ???? ????? ?????? .

2.????? ?????? ?????? : Hidden attributes

??? ?????? ???????? ???? ?? ???? ???????? ?? ?????? ?????? ?? ???? ????? ?? ??? :

?????? ???????? ?????? ??? ??????? ?? ??????? (?).
?????? ??????? ??? ?????? (??? ???? ????).
???? ??? ?????? ?????? ??? ????? ???????? .

3. ?????? ?????? : Sensory attribute

??? ?????? ???? ???? ???????? ??? ??????? ?????? ??? ??? ?????? ???? ???? ??? ???? ????? ??????? ???????? ????? ???????? Consumer preference ???? ????? ???? ????? ???? ???????? .
???? ?????? ?????? ?????? ??? ????? ??? ????? ?????? ?? ????????? ???????? ????????? ????? ?????? ???? ?????? ?????? ??? ???? ?????? ???????? ????? ?????? ????? ?????? . ???? ??? ??? ??? ????? ?????? ?????? ????? ???? ??????? ?????? ???? ????? ???? ????? ?????? ????? ?????? ?????? ???????? ??? ??????? ????????? ???????? ?????? ???????? ??????? ???????? ??????? ????????? ?? ?????? ??????? ?????? ????? ????? ?????? ??????? ????? ??? ??? ??????? ??? ?? ??? ?? ??? ?????? ??????? ????? ??? ??????? ??????? ?????? ?????????.???? ( ???? ) ???? ?????? ???????? :


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???? 01-24-2011, 02:24 AM   #2
 
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???? ????? ???????: 7
????? ????? is on a distinguished road
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???? 02-07-2011, 09:24 PM   #3
Banned
 
????? ???????: Jan 2010
??????: ??? Egypt
?????????: 4,086
???? ????? ???????: 0
?????? is on a distinguished road
???????

?????? ???? ????? ?????? ??????? ?????? ???? ????
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???? 02-19-2011, 02:57 PM   #4
 
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????? ???????: Jul 2010
?????????: 1,161
???? ????? ???????: 6
???? ??????? is on a distinguished road
???????

???? ??????? ??????? ???? ?????? ????? ??? ?? ????? ????

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???? ??? ??? ???? ??? ???? ??? ???? ??? ??????? ??? ??????? ????? ??? ???? ??? ???? ??? ????? ??? ??????? ??? ??????? ??? ??? ???? ????
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???? 02-19-2011, 07:53 PM   #5
Banned
 
????? ???????: Jan 2010
??????: ??? Egypt
?????????: 4,086
???? ????? ???????: 0
?????? is on a distinguished road
???????

??????
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???? ??????? ??????? ???? ?????? ????? ??? ?? ????? ????

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???? 02-19-2011, 08:05 PM   #6
 
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????? ???????: Aug 2010
?????????: 3,166
???? ????? ???????: 8
????????? is on a distinguished road
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???? 05-09-2011, 06:41 PM   #7
Banned
 
????? ???????: Jan 2010
??????: ??? Egypt
?????????: 4,086
???? ????? ???????: 0
?????? is on a distinguished road
???????

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???? ? ???? ?????? ?? ????? Sarkha ????? ???? ??????? 5 01-05-2010 01:14 PM

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